Language Use at Home and School: A Synthesis of Research for Pacific Educators

Zoe Ann Brown, Ormond W. Hammond, Denise L. Onikama

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Summary:

This paper synthesizes research on home and school language use and discusses how this research might be applied to the multilingual contexts of the American-affiliated Pacific islands. It discusses language use in the Pacific, changes (1) the language used at home is an important determiner of students' overall academic success and that fluency in the vernacular language does not impede academic success; (2) parents who speak the language they know best at home can foster increased cognitive and linguistic development in their children; (3) once students become academically literate in their first language, they can transfer these skills to another language; (4) structured immersion, transitional bilingual, bilingual immersion, and two-way bilingual programs appear to be the successful models for the development of academic skills among English language learners on the U.S. mainland; (5) cultures are closely connected with their languages and loss in one area leads to loss in the other; and (6) educators can play a key role in ensuring the survival of languages and cultures by seeking and adopting instructional methods which enhance communication across the home-school gap. (Contains approximately 90 references). 

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Bibliographic Information:

Zoe Ann Brown, Ormond W. Hammond, Denise L. Onikama. Language Use at Home and School: A Synthesis of Research for Pacific Educators (1997). Pacific Resources for Education and Learning: Honolulu, HI. (26 pages).

Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education

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Formats Available: Printed Material

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Availability:

(No longer available. )

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning
Honolulu, HI
96813

URL: http://www.prel.org

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