Discoveries of Infancy: Cognitive Development and Learning [Video]. SUPPORTING MATERIAL: A Guide to Cognitive Development and Learning; Trainer's Manual Module III - Learning and Development
The Program for Infant/Toddler Caregivers, WestEd, Center for Child and Family Studies, California Department of Ed., Child Development Division
Summary for Discoveries of Infancy: Cognitive Development and Learning [Video]
The Program for Infant/Toddler Caregivers, WestEd, Center for Child and Family Studies, California Department of Ed., Child Development Division. Discoveries of Infancy: Cognitive Development and Learning [Video]. SUPPORTING MATERIAL: A Guide to Cognitive Development and Learning; Trainer's Manual Module III - Learning and Development (1991). California Department of Education: Sacramento, CA.
This 32-minute videotape is part of Module 3 of the Program for Infant/Toddler Caregivers (PITC), a four-module video training course for providers of family and center child care. Infants begin learning through simple sensorimotor experiences and move toward figuring things out in their heads. This videotape explores the constant quest for knowledge of infants and toddlers. It depicts six major kinds of discoveries children make in the first three years of life in the following areas: (1) use of learning schemes; (2) cause and effect; (3) use of tools; (4) object permanence; (5) understanding space; and (6) imitation. The videotape also offers guidelines on how caregivers can support early learning by setting up rich yet uncluttered environments, by avoiding the temptation to teach children specific lessons, by observing children to see which discoveries they are engaged in, by letting activities continue longer before interrupting, and by offering the least amount of help and not taking over. Caregiver responsiveness and understanding of the discovery process will greatly facilitate early learning.
Summary for A Guide to Cognitive Development and Learning:
This guide is intended to be used in conjunction with the third module of the Program for Infant/Toddler Caregivers (PITC), a four-module video training course for providers of family and center child care. Discoveries of Infancy, Cognitive Development and Learning [Spanish] is one of those videos. The videos illustrate key concepts and caregiving techniques for a specific area of care, and the guides provide extensive in-depth coverage of each topic. This guide focuses on intellectual development during infancy, with an emphasis both on the types of activities that are naturally interesting to infants and toddlers and on the influences of responsive caregiving, the environment, and play materials on early development. Section One,
"Cognitive Development," explores the intellectual activity of infancy (such as the use of reflexes and active experimentation), six discoveries of infancy (such as learning that events are caused and how objects fill space), and facilitating cognitive development through caregiver responsiveness. Section Two, "Learning Environments," discusses the role of the physical environment in influencing the development of infants and toddlers and providing
appropriate physical environments. Section Three, "Developmental Milestones," explores the stages of development from birth to age three. Section Four, "Appropriate and Inappropriate
Practices," illustrates contrasting caregiver practices in fostering cognitive development in infants and toddlers. Section Five, "Suggested Resources," lists books, articles, and
audiovisual material. Contains 48 references.
Summary for Trainer's Manual: Module III: Learning and Development
This trainer's manual covers module III of the Program for Infant/Toddler Caregivers (PITC), a four-module video training course for providers of family and center day care. The manual is intended to be used by module instructors and includes an overview of the PITC and instructions for using the manual and its accompanying videos. The module contains 13 lessons, designed to be covered in one- to two-hour sessions. The first section, "Cognitive Development and Learning," contains lessons on (1) Learning Schemes and Cause and Effect, (2) Tools and Object Permanence, (3) Space and Imitation, (4) Facilitating Learning: The Role of the Caregiver, (5) Caregiver Responsiveness, (6) Setting the Stage for Learning: The
Environment, (7) The Ages of Infancy: Young Infants, (8) The Ages of Infancy: Mobile Infants, and (9) The Ages of Infancy: Older Infants. The second section, "Language Development and Communication," contains lessons: (10) Language in the Multicultural Child Care Setting, (11)
Language Development in Young Infants, (12) Language Development in Mobile Infants, and (13) Language Development in Older Infants. An outline of the two accompanying videos for this module, and pricing and ordering information for all four PITC modules, are also included.
Sponsoring Agency: California Department of Education and various private foundations
Reading Level: Average
Formats Available: Printed Material, Videotape
(Trainer's Manual cost 20.00; accompanying Guide to Cognitive Development and Learning cost $12.50; package of three Spanish videos and accompanying guides= $199.00. PITC videos are available in Spanish, English and Cantonese; accompanying video magazine in English and Spanish; Trainer's Manual Handouts and Transparencies in English and Spanish. Guides English only at the present time. )
California Department of Education
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Languages Available: Chinese, English, Spanish
Intended User Audience:
The Program for Infant/Toddler Caregivers was developed primarily for professional providers working in family child care homes and centers serving children zero-to-three years old. Beginners and individuals with advanced level of experience will find these materials useful.
These materials were developed for a universal population. These materials may be used in a variety of settings including inservice training and college settings. These materials were initially developed for use in the state of California. However, they are being used throughout the United States and its territories.
These materials were developed through funding received from the California Department of Education and various private foundations. For more information regarding funding sources, please contact WestEd. The staff of the California Department of Education and WestEd collaboratively developed these materials with the help of practitioners, administrators, and nationally-recognized experts from the field of early education with a focus on children ages zero-to-three years. In addition, film experts assisted in the development of the videos.A California-based professional translator did the Spanish translation of the trainer's manual handouts and transparencies. An early childhood professional and translator did the Chinese (Cantonese) translation of the materials.
The developers of these materials are in the process of evaluating the project and the module training institutes. Based on anecdotal reports from users (e.g., practitioners, trainers, and experts), these materials have been highly rated and are well received. The program has also been awarded a Golden Apple award from the National Educational Film Festival.
As of 1998, over 150,000 copies of these materials have been distributed and sold in the United States (including its territories), Australia, Israel, Italy, Korea, Mexico, and New Zealand.
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